1800-1848 Industrial Revolution I
With the failure of the French Revolution (Napoleon crowned himself Emperor, and after his defeat, a King was restored to power in France), there was a turn away from public, political life, toward personal, subjective experience. In large part, this turn characterizes the new style of Romanticism (don’t confuse this with our own use of the term romantic!), whether we look to art in France, Spain, England or Germany. Where Neo-Classical painters created virtuous and heroic subjects with figures willing to sacrifice for the public good, Romantic painters asserted the primacy of emotion and the irrational.


  1. Romanticism in France Romanticism in France
  2. Romanticism in Spain Romanticism in Spain
  3. Romanticism in England Romanticism in England
  4. Romanticism in Germany Romanticism in Germany
  5. Romanticism in the United States Romanticism in the United States